Malaria: Causes, Facts, Symptoms, Natural Remedies, Prevention Tips

Malaria: Causes, Facts, Symptoms, Natural Remedies, And Prevention Tips:- Mosquitoes spread several deadly diseases such as Dengue, Yellow fever, etc. According to the World Health Organisation report, Malaria is a disease that infects people worldwide. There are 228 million people infected in 2019. Malaria infects those who have low immune systems and live in unhealthy surroundings.

Malaria transmits with the bite of female anopheles. This mosquito transmits the parasite into your bloodstream. Then after some days, this mature parasite again travels through bloodstreams to infect red blood cells. In this situation, the malaria symptoms start seeing in an infected body. Warm climate conditions are best for this parasite to grow and nourish so that it damages red blood cells.

Causes of Malaria

The cause of malarial infection is the Plasmodium parasite. This parasite transmits through infected mosquitoes. Although there are many types of Plasmodium parasite that affects various other animals. For humans, only five types are harmful that states below:

Plasmodium Falciparum

This type of plasmodium parasite is most common and responsible for most of the deaths in the world. It originates in Africa. That’s why the world’s immense deaths due to mosquitoes recorded from Africa.

Plasmodium Vivax

Although this type cause light symptoms in comparison to Plasmodium Falciparum but its virus remains in the liver for three years and causes sudden lapses.

This parasite is mostly originating in Asia and South America.

Plasmodium Ovale

This type of plasmodium ovale originates in West Africa, although it is uncommon in other places. It can stay in the liver for several years without causing any symptoms, and it causes deaths to infected humans.

Plasmodium Malaria

It is a rare type of plasmodium parasite which is transmitted by female anopheles. It has two hosts that infect blood cells through the liver. When it came in contact with other types, it can infect other humans too. It only originates in Africa.

Plasmodium Knowlesi

It is also a rare type of plasmodium parasite that originates in Southeast Asia. It has a life cycle in which infection of mosquito and the warm-blooded host requires to infect.

Facts About Malaria

  • The number of cases recorded is 228 million worldwide.
  • According to recent reports, the children are the most infected group, with about 67% of deaths of total deaths in the world.
  • Malaria is one of the deadliest diseases in the world that causes a larger number of deaths in the world. Although it is curable and we can prevent ourselves from it with proper precautions.
  • Africa is the region where a higher no of cases and deaths reported as compared to other parts of the world. An estimate of 94% of both infected and death cases of the world from Malaria are contributing from Africa alone.
  • The revenue for mosquito control and prevention is 2.7 billion united states dollars.

Symptoms of Malaria

Malaria Fever

For the person who has weak immunity, the symptoms generally start within 10-15 days after the infected mosquito transmits the plasmodium parasite into the body. The doctors divide Malaria symptoms into two categories:

  1. Unconditional Symptoms of Malaria
  2. Severe Symptoms of Malaria

1. Unconditional Symptoms of Malaria

Unconditional Malaria symptoms last for 6 to 10 hrs. This cycle reoccurs every second day. The un-conditional disease can become severe if the infected person has a weak immunity system. The symptoms of this are similar to flu, so it may remain unidentified in places where it is not a common disease.

Note that some parasites type causes mixed symptoms and, they also have a longer life span.

There are the following symptoms that generally occur. And, if not treated at the time, it can convert to a severe one because some parasite can live up to 3 years in the liver.

  • Slight cold with shivering.
  • Vomiting, continuous headache, and fever.
  • Some chances of seizures in young people.
  • Feeling of sweat and tiredness at room temperature.

2. Severe Symptoms of Malaria

The following are the general symptoms that occur in Severe Malaria:

  • Simultaneous unconsciousness.
  • Chills and high fever
  • Trying to stay in a prone position
  • Organ dysfunction or jaundice
  • Continuous seizures
  • Low blood pressure
  • Abnormal bleeding and symptoms of anemia disease
  • The problem in breathing and respiration.

In the case of Severe Malaria, consult with a doctor as soon as possible because immediate treatment is the only solution. You can also use home-based available Natural Ingredients. A list of all that natural ingredients that can use is given with their proper instruction to use on an infected person.

Home-based Natural Remedies

The home-based natural remedies stated below:

1. Turmeric

Turmeric

Requirement

  • One teaspoon turmeric
  • 1 cup warm milk

Procedure to use

  1. Mix turmeric in milk and have it before sleeping

Prescription to use

  • Drink daily

Why use

Turmeric cleans toxins that are present in your body because of the plasmodium parasite. It also has anti-inflammatory elements that reduce joint and muscle pain.

2. Orange juice

Orange juice

Requirement

  • One glass of orange juice

Procedure to use

  1. Drink this glass of orange juice before your meals.

Prescription to use

  • Try to consume 2-3 glasses every day.

Why use

Vitamin C that presents in orange juice helps to boost immunity.

3. Ginger

Ginger

Requirement

  • One small piece of ginger.
  • ½ glass water

Procedure to use

  1. Chop ginger piece and put it in boil water.
  2. Boil this mixture of water and ginger for a few minutes.
  3. Drink this after extracting hard ginger pieces.

Prescription to use

  • Drink two cups every day

Why use

Gingerol is the sub-element present in ginger that has anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties that give you relief in pain and digestion.

4. Sweet lime juice

Sweet lime juice

Requirement

  •  ½ lime
  • One glass water

Procedure to use

  1. Boil water and squeeze the lime in it.
  2. Mix well and pour it into a glass and drink it.

Prescription to use

  • Drink this mixture every day.

Why use

The sweet lime has antimalarial properties that clear parasites rapidly.

5. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar

Requirement

  •  ½ cup vinegar
  • Three glass of water
  • Two soft cloth towels

Procedure to use

  1. Dip soft cloth towels in a mixture of apple cider vinegar and water.
  2. Keep these towels in the leg’s back portion for 15 min.

Prescription to use

  • Do this process during the time of high fever

Why use

It is an old and efficient remedy for reducing fever.

6. Mustard oil

mustard seed oil

Requirement

  • ½ cup mustard oil

Procedure to use

  1. You can use mustard oil in your food regularly.
  2. You can also use it on joint portions for pain reduction.

Prescription to use

  • Use mustard oil regularly in food and apply it to joints during pain.

Why use

Mustard oil helps to build up the immune system and, if you apply it on joints, then it also reduces the pain of joints caused by malaria infection. Its oil uses in one of the most famous drugs against malarial bacteria known as Chloroquine.

7. Grapefruit

Grapefruit

Requirement

  • ¼ piece of grapefruit
  • One glass water

Procedure to use

  1. Boil water and squeeze grapefruit in it.
  2. Pour it into a glass and drink it.

Prescription to use

  • A glass of this every day.

Why use

It controls the intensity of malaria parasites and helps to reduce its effects.

8. Basil

Holy Basil

Requirement

  • 10-15 basil leaves
  • ½ teaspoon of pepper

Procedure to use

  1. Squeeze the leaves of basil and mix pepper with the extracted juice.
  2. Drink this juice mixed with some water.

Prescription to use

  • Drink this mixture three times per day.

Why use

Basil is the remedy for several diseases. It has antimalarial properties that prevent the immune system and other organs from damage to the plasmodium parasite.

9. Cinnamon

Cinnamon

Requirement

  • One teaspoon cinnamon powder.
  • One glass water
  • One teaspoon honey
  • ¼ teaspoon pepper

Procedure to use

  1. Boil cinnamon and pepper for 5 minutes
  2. Add honey to it and drink

Prescription to use

  • Take this twice a day

Why use

Cinnamon has antioxidants properties that are useful and efficient to lower the bacterial effect.

10. Neem

Neem

Requirement

  • 10-15 Neem leaves
  • ¼ teaspoon of pepper
  • ½ cup of water

Procedure to use

  1. Squeeze the neem leaves and extract juice from it.
  2. Mix the neem leaves juice with pepper powder.
  3. Drink the mixture with water.

Prescription to use

  • Drink it twice every day.

Why use

Neem stimulates the immune system. It increases appetite and decreases fever. Neem oil is also an effective mosquito repellent.

Prevention Advice

The prevention methods are:

1. Normal Prevention

General prevention advice is listed below:

  • Use of mosquito repellents on exposed skin that contains 25-30% DEET that is N-Dimethyl- meta-toluamide
  • Wear long cuffed sleeves upper wear and pants when outdoor mostly at night
  • Use insect nets on beds if your room doesn’t have an air conditioner.
  • Spray a small number of insecticides on your clothes.
  • Use a mosquito coil for ½ hours before sleep.
  • Spray insecticide prevention chemicals.

2. Regular Prevention

The following measures are necessary to take regularly to prevent yourself from mosquitoes:

  • Use vaccination regularly
  • Include malaria symptoms inspection in your routine Checkup.

3. Prevention for travelers

The following precaution against mosquitoes is necessary if you are traveling to other countries or states:

  • Check countries for the number of mosquitoes before traveling.
  • Take prescription from doctors about what to use in a country where mosquitoes numbers are high.
  • Take antimalarial drugs before leaving home.
  • Ensure that you have access to prevention tools such as mosquito repellents, nets, etc.
  • Be aware of the symptoms of malarial infection.

Conclusion

This article includes all the necessary information about malaria disease. According to the World Health Organisation, Malaria is one of the deadliest diseases in the world. The knowledge about this disease is mandatory to have to protect yourself from this disease. The precautions, symptoms, and natural remedies mentioned in this article help you to gather all that necessary information to protect your surroundings.

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